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Historical Introduction

Montenegro is a country in South East Europe, on the Balkan peninsula, on the shores of the Adriatic See. Even as it became after the I WW part of Yugoslavia, the independence movement stayed strong in Montenegro. During the II WW Montenegro was first occupied by the Italian forces, who created there puppet Independent State of Montenegro. In 1943 Montenegro was occupied by the German army, which gave new strength to the communist partisan movement. After the victory of communist partisans in 1945 the terror was launched against non communist forces, thousands of them were massacred. After the creation of communist Yugoslavia, terror nevertheless continued with new wave of arrests. After the fall of communist Yugoslavia, the power in Montenegro was seized by the former communists and Montenegro was turned part of Serbia. Only in 2006 Montenegro succeeded to achieve full independence from Serbia.