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Bibliography & Further Reading

  • KGB documents from the years of the occupation of the three Baltic countries:
  • Hiio, T., Maripuu, M. and Paavle, I. (eds), Estonia 1940-1945: Reports of the Estonian International Commission for the Investigation of Crimes Against Humanity (Tallinn, 2006).
  • Kahk, J. World War II and Soviet Occupation in Estonia: A Damages Report (Tallinn, 1991).
  • Kivimäe, S. 'Estland unter der Sowjetherrschaft 1941/44-1954', Nordost-Arhiv, 4 (1995).
  • Kõll, A.M. (ed.), The Baltic Countries under Occupation: Soviet and Nazi Rule 1939-1991 (Stockholm, 2003).
  • Laar, M. 'Eesti ja kommunism (Estonia and Communism)', in Courtois, S, Werth, N. et al (eds), Kommunismi must raamat. Kuriteod, terror, repressioonid. (Estonian trans. of Le Livre noir du communisme: Crimes, terreur, répression; Tallinn, 2000).
  • Misiunas, R.J. and Taagepera, R. The Baltic States: years of dependence 1940-1990 (London, 1993).
  • Mälksoo, L. Illegal Annexation and State Continuity: Case of the Incorporation of the Baltic States by the USSR: A Study of the Tension Between Normativity and power in international law (Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers/Brill, Erik Castrén Institute Monographies, 2003).
  • Oll, A. 'Estonia: Towards Post-Communist Reconstruction', in Berman, I. and J. Waller, J. M. (eds). Dismantling Tyranny: Transitioning Beyond Totalitarian Regimes (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2006).
  • Rahi, A. 'Project A Joint Register of Estonian Population Losses: sources and methods of research', in Caune, A. (ed.), The Soviet Occupation Regime in the Baltic States 1944-1959: Policies and their Consequences (Riga, 2003).
  • Raukas, A. (ed.), Estonian Environment. Past, Present and Future (Tallinn, 1997).
  • Salo, V. and Kangilaski, J. (eds), The White Book: Losses Inflicted on the Estonian Nation by Occupation Regimes 1940-1991 (Tallinn, 2005).
  • Zabiela, V. Judgment of the International Public Tribunal in Vilnius (Vilnius, 2000).


  • August 6, 1940 - Estonia became a part of Soviet Union
  • From June 1940 until August 1941, more than 7000 Estonian citizens were arrested


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